What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a language based learning dis/ability characterized by difficulties with specific language skills such as reading. Dyslexia typically presents with primary difficulties in the area of phonological components of language.
An individual with Dyslexia may have trouble with acquiring decoding skills, the ability to take apart the sounds in a word and blending sounds together. Since Dyslexia is a collection of symptoms, diagnosis typically requires a comprehensive assessment. Related reading and writing disorders may be characterized by difficulties with reading comprehension, spelling (encoding), and producing written work.
Dyslexia is neurological in origin and has a genetic component. Dyslexia may co-occur with a number of other dis/orders such as dysgraphia, dyscalculia, and ADHD/ADD.
Individuals with Dyslexia can learn to read with a Structured Literacy program. Research tells us that MOST children, whether they have Dyslexia or not, benefit and may require the same method of instruction.
Why… because this is the way that we learn to read. Less than 40% of children acquire reading skills with haphazard, broad instruction. Yes, this is why we have a literacy crisis in our country and why most students are not becoming proficient readers.